Frogs and Toads
(Order Anura/Salientia)

Family Ranidae - True frogs; characteristics: long, powerful hind legs; dorso-lateral fold (may be complete or incomplete)
Southern Leopard Frog
Rana (Lithobates) sphenocephala
Bronze Frog
Rana (Lithobates) clamitans
Crawfish Frog
Rana (Lithobates) areolata
Pickerel Frog
Rana (Lithobates) palustris










Family Bufonidae - True toads; characteristics: short, weak hind legs; dry, warty skin; parotoid gland behind each eye; bony cranial crest (post-orbital ridge) behind each eye
Red-spotted Toad
Bufo punctatus
Dwarf American Toad
Bufo americanus










Family Pelobatidae - Spadefoot toads; characteristics: short, weak hind legs; relatively smooth, moist skin; enlarged black spade on each hind foot
Hurter's Spadefoot Toad
Scaphiopus hurteri










Family Hylidae - Tree frogs and relatives; characteristics: toes with enlarged toe pads
Gray Tree
Frog Complex
Hyla versicolor/chrysoscelis
Spotted Chorus Frog
Pseudacris clarkii











Family Microhylidae - Narrowmouth toads; characteristics: short, squatty bodies; small head relative to body size
Eastern Narrowmouth
Toad
Gastrophryne carolinensis
Great Plains
Narrowmouth Toad
Gastrophryne olivacea